Betye Irene Saar (born July 30, 1926 in Los Angeles, California) is an American artist, known for her work in the field of assemblage. Saar was a part of the black arts movement in the 1970s, challenging myths and stereotypes. In the 1990s, her work was politicized while she continued to challenge the negative ideas of African-Americans. One of her better-known and controversial pieces is titled “The Liberation of Aunt Jemima.” It is a “mammy” doll carrying a broom in one hand and a shotgun in the other, and placed in front of the syrup labels. Her work began with found objects arranged in boxes or windows. Saar's college education began at Pasadena City College and then moved to the University of California, Los Angeles in 1947, where she received a degree in design in 1949. Saar went on to graduate studies, from 1959-1962, completing work at California State University, Long Beach; University of Southern California; and California State University, Northridge.