Bridget Louise Riley was born on April 1931 in Norwood, London. She is an artist, writer and curator, and one of the foremost exponents of op art. She attended Cheltenham Ladies' College and then studied art at Goldsmiths College (1949–52), and later at the Royal College of Art (1952–55). In 1955 Riley graduated with a BA degree. Around 1960 she began to develop her signature Op Art style consisting of black and white geometric patterns that explore the dynamism of sight and produce a disorienting effect on the eye. In 1961, with partner Peter Sedgley, she visited the Vaucluse plateau in the South of France, and acquired a derelict farm which would eventually be transformed into a studio. Back in London, in the spring of 1962, Riley was given her first solo exhibition. In 1968 Riley, with Peter Sedgley and the journalist Peter Townsend, created the artists' organization SPACE (Space Provision Artistic Cultural and Educational), with the goal of providing artists large and affordable studio space.