Gina Pane (Biarritz, May 24, 1939 – Paris, March 6, 1990) was a French artist of Italian origins. She studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1960 to 1965, and was a member of the 1970’s Body Art movement in France. Pane taught at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Mans from 1975 to 1990, and ran a studio dedicated to performance art at the Centre Pompidou from 1978 to 1979. Pane is possibly best known for her performance piece The Conditioning (1973), in which she is laid on a metal bedframe over an area of burning candles. The Conditioning was recreated by Marina Abramović as part of her Seven Easy Pieces (2005) at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York in 2005. Extreme self-inflicted injury featured in much of Pane's performance work, distinguishing her from most other female body artists of the 1970s. Through the violence of cutting her skin with razor blades or putting out fires with her bare hands and feet, Pane intended to incite a "real experience" in the viewer, who would be moved to empathize with her discomfort. The shocking nature of these early performances — or "actions", as she preferred to call them — often overshadowed her prolific photographic and sculptural practice. However, the body was a central concern in all of Pane's work, whether literally or conceptually. Pane's estate is managed by her former partner Anne Marchand. She is represented by Galerie Kamel Mennour in Paris.
ink and graphite on Canson gray paper, wooden element
111 x 237 inches