Louise Joséphine Bourgeois ( December25, 1911 – May31, 2010) was a French-American artist and sculptor. An influential figure in modern and contemporary art, her work included large spider structures which resulted in her being nicknamed the Spiderwoman. Her largest spider sculpture titled Maman stands at over 30 feet, and has been installed in numerous locations around the world. In 1930, Bourgeois entered the Sorbonne to study mathematics and geometry, subjects that she valued for their stability, saying "I got peace of mind, only through the study of rules nobody could change." Her mother's death in 1932 inspired her to abandon mathematics and to begin studying art. Bourgeois graduated from the Sorbonne in 1935, and continued to study art at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière, the École du Louvre and the École des Beaux-Arts. During the time in which she was enrolled at the École des Beaux-Arts, she discovered her creative impulse in her childhood traumas and tensions. She began to sculpt In the late 1940s, after moving to New York City with her American husband, Robert Goldwater. Her works often express themes of betrayal, anxiety, and loneliness. Bourgeois became recognized as the founder of confessional art.