Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian
Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian (born 1924) is a contemporary Iranian artist from Qazvin in north-western Iran. Farmanfarmaian studied at the University of Tehran at the Faculty of Fine Art (1944-1946), before traveling to the United States when World War II derailed plans to study art in Paris, France. In New York she studied at Parsons New School for Design (1946–1949) and Cornell University (1948–1951). She worked as a fashion illustrator, and absorbed into the city's avant garde art scene, she befriended artists Louise Nevelson, Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Barnett Newman, and Joan Mitchell. She painted, collaborated with Andy Warhol on illustrations for the now defunct Bonwit Teller department store, and, under the tutelage of Milton Avery, developed her talent for making monotype prints — some of which were presented at the Iran Pavilion during the 1958 Venice Biennale.
Farmanfarmaian returned to Iran in 1957 with her husband Abolbashar Farmanfarmaian and began experimenting with adapting and combining techniques of reverse-glass painting, mirror mosaics, and the Sufi symbolism of classical Islamic geometrical design mixed with modern abstract expressionism and minimalism. “Ayeneh Kari” is the traditional art of cutting mirrors into small pieces and slivers, placing them in decorative shapes over plaster. This form of Iranian reverse glass and mirror mosaics is a craft traditionally passed on from father to son. Farmanfarmaian is the first contemporary artist to reinvent the traditional medium in a contemporary way. She soon reached international acclaim and held major exhibitions in Tehran, Paris, Venice and New York. After the Islamic Revolution of 1979, during which time the vast majority of her works and her collections of folk art were confiscated, sold or destroyed, she took refuge in New York. Farmanfarmaian returned to Tehran in 2004, where she continues to live and work.
reverse painted glass, mirrored glass, plaster, and wood
50.25 x 50.25 inches
mirror glass, stainless steel, plaster and wood
50.25 x 31 x 1.5 inches
mirror, reverse-glass painting, blown glass and plaster on wood
46¾ x 46¾ inches
mirror mosaic, reverse glass painting, glue and plaster on wood
55 1/4 x 55 1/4 x 1 3/4 inches
stainless steel, wooden base, and motor
ca. 32.75 x 46 x 46 inches